CHINA SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY NEWSLETTER (2013 NO.6)
National Medium- and Long-term Plan for Major R&D Infrastructure Issued
According to www.gov.cn, National Medium- and Long-term Plan for Major R&D Infrastructure (2012-2030) (the Plan) was recently published by the State Council. The Plan envisions that by 2030, China will establish a full-fledged, sophisticated, efficient and strong major R&D infrastructure system. Systematic arrangement of major R&D infrastructure in a far-sighted manner is of great significance to improving China's original innovation capacity, making a quantum leap in key areas, ensuring long-term scientific and technological development and transforming China from a big nation into a strong power in science and technology. In the coming 20 years, China will, in light of international trends and domestic strengths, focus on R&D infrastructure improvement in 7 frontier fields of strategic importance to the country, namely, energy, life, earth system and environment, materials, particle physics and nuclear physics, space and astronomy, and engineering technology. During the 12th Five-year Plan period, priority will be given to the following 16 major R&D infrastructure projects--seabed scientific observation network, validation device for high-energy synchrotron radiation light source, accelerator-driven transmutation research facility, comprehensive experimental facility for extreme conditions, intense heavy-ion accelerator, efficient and low-carbon gas turbine test equipment, high-altitude cosmic ray observatory, future network test facility, ground simulator for space environment, translational medicine research facility, south pole observatory, high-precision gravity measurement facility, large-scale low-speed wind tunnel, SSRF beamline station, model animal phenotype and heredity research facility, numerical simulator for earth system. The Plan proposes to improve management system, ensure funding for infrastructure construction, and open the infrastructure to the outside users. The document also stresses the need for training more people and boosting international collaboration in the field.
New Drugs Worth RMB 1.24 Billion in Market
The national major special project on new drug development has achieved remarkable outcome, bringing benefits to the public. Through the implementation of the project, licenses were issued to 62 new drugs by December 2012, 2/3 of which own indigenous intellectual properties and 12 were first class ones. In addition, 3000 patent licenses (560 were international) were approved out of the 9000 applications, and 2200 new set of standards were made. 23 of the new drugs were launched in the market, with a total output value of RMB1.24 billion. By the end of 2012, 1251 research tasks were set up under the project, with a central budget of RMB9.7 billion, local investment of RMB4.1 billion and RMB19.3 billion from enterprises. Moreover, the large drug companies (with an output of over RMB300 million) invest 6.6% of their gross output value into R&D.
China's 1st MW High Temperature Superconducting Motor Born
China's first 1MW high temperature superconducting motor has been developed by 712 Research Institute of China Shipbuilding Industry Corporation. The project passed evaluation by MOST on October 16, 2012, signifying that China has become one of the few countries capable of designing and manufacturing the motor. The 712 Research Institute has long been studying superconductors, and was the first in China to start research on superconducting motors. The institute accomplished the "1MW high temperature superconducting motor" project under 863 Program in 2012 and achieved major technology breakthroughs. The sample motor has been tested under diversified conditions, and the motor efficiency, including cryogenic system, reached 95% in full operation with 500RPM, meeting the design objective. The motor and its cryogenic system are stable in full operation, reaching international advanced standard. Through years' efforts, the 712 Research Institute has set up design and analysis system exclusive for high temperature superconducting motors, built experiment facilities and testing platforms, accumulated valuable experiences and brought up a professional team for research on cryogenics and cooling, motor design, superconducting use, system and control. The institute is now capable for R&D on large capacity high temperature superconducting motor for practical use.
Chinese Scientists in Collaboration with American Reserchers Report the First Experimental Observation of Quantum Anomalous Hall Effect
The research team led by Professor Qikun Xue from Tsinghua University, in collaboration with researchers from the Institute of Physics of Chinese Academy of Sciences and Stanford University, made a breakthrough in the field of condensed matter physics. They reported the first experimental observation of the quantum anomalous Hall effect, which represents a very important physical phenomenon discovered first by Chinese scientists. The research finding was published on March 15 Beijing Time in Science as a Science Express paper. It was American scientist Edwin Hall who discovered Hall Effect in 1879 and Anomalous Hall Effect in 1880.